Some of the major events in Uganda’s history

  • 500 B.C. – 1300 A.D.  Bantu-speaking people migrate to the region.  They establish the state of Buganda.
  • 1862  British explorer John Speke is the first European to visit Buganda.
  • 1894-1900  Britain takes control of the area, calling it Uganda.  Britain recognizes the kabaka, or Buganda tribal king, as ruler, but maintains its authority.
  • 1962  Uganda gains independence.  The Buganda king, Mutesa II, becomes president, with Milton Obote as prime minister.
  • 1967  Obote imposes a new constitution, which makes him president and abolishes all of Uganda’s tribal kingdoms.
  • 1971  Military leader Idi Amin overthrows Obote.  During Amin’s cruel 8 year rule, an estimated 300,000 people are killed.
  • 1978  Amin attacks Tanzania.  Ugandan exiles and Tanzanian troops invade Uganda.  Amin is forced out of the country in 1979.
  • 1986  Yoweri Museveni takes power.  He brings stability and improved human rights protection.
  • 1993  A constitutional amendment restores the kingdom of Buganda and other kingdoms.
  • 2000  Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya join to form the East African Community and pledge cooperation.
  • 2008  After years of fighting, a cease-fire agreement is signed with the Lords Resistance Army rebel group.

Highly recommended is also the Bwindi National Park.