The endangered gorillas are one of the most sought after animals in this world by nature lovers. There are two species of gorillas and four subspecies of gorillas that is the western gorillas comprising of west lowland gorillas and the cross river gorillas and the eastern gorillas comprising of mountain gorillas and the eastern lowland gorillas. The gorillas are endangered species of animals in that in the near future if not conserved and protected, they may get extinct in the near future. The gorillas belong to the ape family where mankind falls. These animals have a 98 DNA similarity with mankind as their respiratory, nervous and immune systems are the same. These are one of our closest cousins. The gorillas always inhabit in cool and forested areas. Uganda is one of the countries with the best habitats for the gorillas in Bwindi impenetrable forests and Virunga massif.
In the tropical rain forests in the Kigezi region southwest of Uganda, there exists one of the subspecies of gorillas the mountain gorillas. These subspecies of gorillas are only found in Uganda, Rwanda and dr. Congo. The mountain gorillas get the name from the location of their habitats. The mountain gorillas live in the very dense tropical rain forests in the highlands of East Central Africa. The mountain gorillas are only about 900 individuals in the world and being share by the three East Central Africa and Uganda shelters a half of the total population about 480 individuals. The mountain gorillas in Uganda were protected and gazzatted in Bwindi impenetrable national park and Mgahinga national park in the kigezi region. These two national parks where created to protect the gorillas that were decreasing drastically due to loss of habitats, poaching, disease and the civil war in Congo. In these tow national park is where the gorillas re monitored and protected by a national body of Uganda Wildlife Authority. The national parks are open to the public to visit the mountain gorillas in the wild. Some families of the mountain gorillas in these parks were habituated where by the tourists can come and hang out with them. In Bwindi impenetrable national park there are 12 families available for gorilla trekking and two for gorilla habituation and in Mgahinga there is one family available for gorilla trekking.
Gorilla trekking is the common main activity taken by tourist to watch the gorillas in the wild. It involves hiking the tropical rain forests of Uganda in search of the gorillas. This takes 2-8 hours to find the gorillas as these huge primates are nomadic animals that never stay in one place for a day. The tourist under the guidance of the patron walk on the steep trail following the previous foot prints to track the gorillas.
When the gorillas are met, the trackers have rules to follow like staying a 7 meter gap, keeping their voices low and also putting off their camera flashes. The tourist interact with the gorillas for one hours as they observe the gorillas communicating, playing with their young ones and also observe how they relate amongst them and their relating is so intriguing as you might find their humans.
Trekking in these tropical rain forest of Uganda as you search for the gorillas is always a very captivating experience, an experience you can never forget in your entire life as the gorillas are a beauty to watch and interact with.